Treatments for mild to moderately severe acne usually combine retinoid and antimicrobial therapy. Recently, the US FDA approved the combination of 1.2% clindamycin (CLIN) and 0.025% tretinoin (RA) in a novel gel formulation for the treatment of mild to moderate acne, based on results from two 12-week, multicenter, double-blind Phase 3 trials in which patients were randomized to four treatment arms: CLIN/RA, CLIN, RA, and vehicle.
The trials studied more than 4500 patients 12 years of age or older. In both trials, CLIN/RA gel produced significantly greater clinical improvements than vehicle or either monotherapy. CLIN/RA was safe and well tolerated in both trials and in a 52-week safety follow-up evaluation.
The current study is a subgroup analysis that evaluates CLIN/RA's effects on acne lesion prevalence in 12- to 18-year-old patients with mild to severe baseline acne severity. CLIN/RA significantly reduced the number of inflammatory, noninflammatory, and total acne lesions after 12 weeks of treatment (p < or = 0.004) in 1,710 patients aged 12 to 18 years.
Relatively greater improvements were seen following CLIN/RA treatment compared to CLIN or RA monotherapy, or the vehicle gel beginning as early as 2 weeks following treatment initiation. This novel CLIN/RA gel for treating acne is tolerable and safe and offers clinicians and teen aged patients a new and efficacious intervention for acne vulgaris.
"A novel gel formulation of 0.25% tretinoin and 1.2% clindamycin phosphate: efficacy in acne vulgaris patients aged 12 to 18 years."
Pediatr Dermatol. 2009 May-Jun; 26(3): 257-61Eichenfield LF, Wortzman M